Hydromorphone hydrochloride, a hydrogenated ketone of morphine, is an opioid agonist.
Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Tablets are supplied in 2 mg, 4 mg, and 8 mg tablets for oral administration. The tablet strengths describe the amount of hydromorphone hydrochloride in each tablet.
Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Oral Solution is supplied as 5mg/5 mL (1 mg/mL) viscous liquid.
The chemical name is 4,5α-epoxy-3-hydroxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one hydrochloride. The molecular Weight is 321.80. Its molecular formula is C17H19NO3∙HCl, and it has the following chemical structure:
Hydromorphone hydrochloride is a white or almost white crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water, very slightly soluble in ethanol (96%), and practically insoluble in methylene chloride.
The 2 mg, 4 mg, and 8 mg tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: lactose anhydrous and magnesium stearate. Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Tablets may also contain traces of sodium metabisulfite.
The 2 mg tablets also contain D&C red #30 Lake dye and D&C yellow #10 Lake dye.
The 4 mg tablets also contain D&C yellow #10 Lake dye.
Each 5 mL (1 teaspoon) of Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Oral Solution contains 5 mg of hydromorphone hydrochloride. The inactive ingredients are purified water, methylparaben, propylparaben, sucrose, and glycerin. Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Oral Solution may contain traces of sodium metabisulfite.